Using the Net Present Value (NPV) in Financial Analysis

The Net Present Value (NPV) is a profitability measure we use to figure out the present value of all expected future cash flows a project or investment will generate, including the initial capital we invest. It shows us the difference between the current value of cash inflows and outflows over Read more…

Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) in Financial Modeling

Introduction Investors are continually evaluating different investments, trying to identify the ones that will maximize their returns and wealth. Analysts consider the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) as one of the most accurate ways to calculate the return for any investment with a value that changes over time. CAGR represents Read more…

Dividend Discount Model in Financial Analysis

Introduction to the Dividend Discount Model The Dividend Discount Model (DDM) is used to estimate the price of a company’s stocks. The model is based on the theory that the present value of the stock is equal to the present value of all future dividend payments when discounted back to Read more…

Internal Rate of Return (IRR) in Financial Analysis

Introduction to Internal Rate of Return Companies undertake various projects with the end goal to either increase earnings or cut down costs. These projects often require that the entities make significant investments. In capital budgeting, the management of the business wants to have an estimation of the returns on such Read more…

Decision Trees in Financial Analysis

Introduction to Decision Trees We use Decision Trees to clarify the expected value of capital investment opportunities. Decision Trees can also be helpful in business operations, where companies continuously struggle with big decisions on product development, operations management, human resources, and others. With Decision Tree analysis, we can better evaluate Read more…

Understanding our Burn Rate and Runway

What is Burn Rate? We call Burn Rate the rate at which it spends its raised funds to cover running costs. It is used with new companies and start-ups and is a measure of negative cash flow. Investors and managers usually state Burn Rate per month, but in crisis times, Read more…

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)

Introduction The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) shows us the relationship between systematic risk for an investment and the expected return on it. Analysts and financial professionals use the model widely for pricing risky investments and generating expected returns for assets, considering the risk and cost of capital. The CAPM Read more…