Applying the Pareto Principle in Financial Analysis

Introduction The Pareto Analysis is a statistical technique employed in decision-making to identify a limited set of tasks to produce the most significant effect. We base it on the Pareto Principle, which stipulates that 20% of the work on a project generates 80% of the outputs. The technique is also known as the 80/20 rule, […]

Scenario Analysis of Financial Models

Introduction to Scenario Analysis Scenario Analysis represents the process of calculating an estimation model under a variety of scenarios for the future. The idea behind this analysis method is to assess the effect of risk on values in a financial model. Scenario Analysis helps us outline how realistic are the assumptions in our model and […]

The Activity-Based Costing Model

Introduction to the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) Model The Activity-Based Costing method identifies the activities in the company and assigns their costs to production based on actual consumption. One of the most recognized definitions is of the Chartered Institute of Management Accounting (CIMA) and defines the ABC method as an ‘approach to costing and monitoring of […]

Leveraged Buyout Acquisitions

What is a Leveraged Buyout (LBO) Transaction? A Leveraged Buyout (LBO) transaction is the acquisition of an entity using significant amounts of loaned capital to meet the consideration. LBO transactions can go up to 9:1 ratio of Debt to Equity. In a Leveraged Buyout transaction, the target company’s assets become collateral for the loan. LBOs […]

Understanding our Burn Rate and Runway

What is Burn Rate? We call Burn Rate the rate at which it spends its raised funds to cover running costs. It is used with new companies and start-ups and is a measure of negative cash flow. Investors and managers usually state Burn Rate per month, but in crisis times, we can measure it on […]

Economic Value Added (EVA) Case Study: Nestlé S.A.

If you haven’t read the article on the Economic Value Added (EVA) metric, please, take a look here, before you read on. Introduction In today’s post, we are doing a short case study, trying to calculate the Economic Value Added (EVA) for Nestlé for FY 2018, using actual data available in the public domain. Nestlé […]

Breaking down the Economic Value Added (EVA) Calculation

Introduction to the Economic Value Added (EVA) The EVA (Economic Value Added) is an indicator of profitability and a measure of financial performance, based on residual wealth. It is the excess profit above the cost of capital, generated by the business, adjusted for taxes, and presented on a cash basis. The consulting firm Stern Value […]

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)

Introduction The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) shows us the relationship between systematic risk for an investment and the expected return on it. Analysts and financial professionals use the model widely for pricing risky investments and generating expected returns for assets, considering the risk and cost of capital. The CAPM goal is to see if […]

Terminal Value of the Business

What is Terminal Value? The Terminal Value (TV), or as it is also known, continuing value or horizon value, is the value of an investment or a business at the end of a specific period. A firm or project potentially has an infinite life, meaning its value is the Net Present Value (NPV) of cash […]

Creating a Cash Flow Forecast Model

This week we will take a practical look at creating a Cash Flow Forecast model. What is a Cash Flow Forecast and Why we need one The Cash Flow forecast is a crucial planning tool for financial management. It is the process of preparing an estimate of future financial performance, based on anticipated cash disbursements […]