## EBITDA Multiple for Business Valuation

The EBITDA Multiple is the most common method venture capitalists, and financial analysts use to value businesses as investment opportunities. If we plan to acquire a company or sell our own, EBITDA can be a great starting point for measuring the potential value in a sale. When we enter negotiations to sell or purchase a […]

## Forecasts with the Polynomial Regression Model in Excel

Regression analysis aims to model the expected values for a dependent variable (y) based on independent variables (x). The polynomial regression is a statistical technique to fit a non-linear equation to a data set by employing polynomial functions of the independent variable. We can use the model whenever we notice a non-linear relationship between the […]

## Regression Analysis in Financial Modeling

Regression Analysis represents a set of statistical methods and techniques, which we use to evaluate the relationship between variables. These are one dependent variable (our target) and one or more independent variables (predictors). We have three primary variants of regression – simple linear, multiple linear, and non-linear. However, most of the time, we use linear […]

## Introduction to Seasonality in Financial Analysis and Modeling

Seasonality is a characteristic of time-series where the data has predictable and somewhat regular fluctuations that repeat year over year. It is safe to assume that any pattern of data changes over one-year periods represents seasonality. It is usually driven by weather or commercial seasons. We have to differentiate the term from cyclical data, as […]

## Forecast Sales Performance and Seasonality

We are approaching the second half of the year, and before we know it, it will be the time of year to start working on our projections for next year and the company’s annual budget. There are many complex and detailed models that we can utilize to forecast the sales performance of the business for […]

## Calculate Value in Use under IAS 36

The core underlying principle of IAS 36 Impairment of Assets is that an asset’s carrying value in the financial statements of the company should not exceed the highest amount the business can recover through its use or sale. The standard applies to all assets for which there are no impairment considerations elsewhere. As an example, […]

## Introduction to Probability Distributions in Financial Modeling

In one of our recent articles, we looked into how to set up and run Monte Carlo Simulations in Excel. And we looked at some of the most common probability distributions, which we can apply to illustrate the uncertainty of our model’s variables. When we work on a financial model, we face issues with variables […]

## Rolling Forecasts in Financial Planning

Let’s start by looking at why businesses need rolling forecasts. When running a business, we need to have a full view of what’s happening so that we can make the proper decisions. The best way to achieve this is to implement a budgeting and planning process. We create an expected standard performance for the business […]

## Monte Carlo Simulation in Financial Modeling

Whenever we are constructing a financial model, we rely heavily on assumptions. Some, if not all, of those assumptions, have the associated uncertainty and inherent risk. Not being able to predict the future makes it harder to solve and model the probability of different outcomes from our financial models. In such situations, we can apply […]

## Opportunity Cost in Financial Modeling and Analysis

Introduction Opportunity cost represents the benefits the business misses out on when picking between alternatives. When we have two desirable options, the benefit from the one not chosen is our opportunity cost. These costs are usually the result of bottlenecks in business processes. Therefore, finance professionals use Opportunity Cost analysis to improve the decision-making process […]