## Vacation Days and Unused Paid Leave Accrual

When a company hires employees, they provide it with services. In turn, the company, as their employer, reimburses their time spent with a remuneration package. This usually consists mostly of a salary but can include various other benefits, some of which may be mandated by law or local legislation. One Read more…

## How to Run a Two-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in Excel

Recently, we looked at how to Perform a One-Way Analysis of Variance in Excel. In today’s article, we will take that a step further and a look at a Two-Factor ANOVA. The Two-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical test to evaluate the difference between the means of more Read more…

Flux Analysis is a type of comparison technique that helps us understand the changes in a company’s financials from period to period. It is shortened from Fluctuations Analysis and is also sometimes called Horizontal Analysis. We use the method to evaluate the fluctuations in accounts over time. We usually express Read more…

## Understand the Market Value of Equity

The Market Value of Equity of the company, also known as Market Capitalization, is the total monetary value of the firm’s equity. We calculate it as the current stock price multiplied by the number of outstanding shares. Therefore the MVE continually changes, as these two values are quite volatile. Analysts Read more…

## Perform a One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in Excel

The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) has many varieties, but in essence, it has the purpose of evaluating whether factors are associated with any outcome values. And factors are categorical variables we use to group the outcome variables. In this article, we will not be focusing on the underlying statistical principles Read more…

## Seasonality and Trend Forecast with Regression in Excel

In our last article, we discussed Seasonality in Financial Modeling and Analysis. We went over an example Excel model of calculating a forecast with seasonality indexes. Today we will use regression analysis in Excel to forecast a data set with both seasonality and trend. Let’s look at the quarterly sales Read more…

## Black-Scholes Model: First Steps

Today we take a look at the most popular options pricing model. The Black Scholes Model, also known as the Black-Scholes-Merton method, is a mathematical model for pricing option contracts. It works by estimating the variation in financial instruments. The technique relies on the assumption that prices follow a lognormal Read more…

## Optimal Portfolios and the Efficient Frontier

There’s a widespread assumption in investing that more risk equals increased potential returns. The theory behind the Efficient Frontier and Optimal Portfolios states that there’s an optimal combination of risk and return. The theory relies on the assumption that investors prefer portfolios that generate the most substantial possible return with Read more…