## Understanding the Cost of Debt Ratio Research in the SME sector shows that around 40-50% of companies seek debt financing at least once in their life cycle. It’s essential to understand the actual cost of Debt to make informed decisions within the business. The Cost of Debt represents the effective interest rate the business pays on its debts. Generally, the ratio […]

## Understanding the Gordon Growth Model for Stock Valuation Understanding the Gordon Growth Model for Stock Valuation The Gordon Growth Model (GGM) is a method for the valuation of stocks. Investors use it to determine the relationship between value and return. The model uses the Net Present Value (NPV) of future dividends to calculate assets’ intrinsic value. It’s the most popular variation of the […]

## Multiple Linear Regression Analysis in Excel In a previous article, we explored Linear Regression Analysis and its application in financial analysis and modeling. You can read our Regression Analysis in Financial Modeling article to gain more insight into the statistical concepts employed in the method and where it finds application within finance. This article will take a practical look at modeling […]

## How to use the Asset Turnover Ratio The Asset Turnover Ratio measures how efficiently management uses the company’s assets to generate sales revenue. The ratio compares the amount of net sales to its total assets. It’s a standard efficiency ratio, as it gives investors an idea of how well management runs the company. What is the Asset Turnover Ratio The ratio, also […]

## Vacation Days and Unused Paid Leave Accrual When a company hires employees, they provide it with services. In turn, the company, as their employer, reimburses their time spent with a remuneration package. This usually consists mostly of a salary but can include various other benefits, some of which may be mandated by law or local legislation. One of those benefits is the […]

## How to Run a Two-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in Excel Recently, we looked at how to Perform a One-Way Analysis of Variance in Excel. In today’s article, we will take that a step further and a look at a Two-Factor ANOVA. The Two-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical test to evaluate the difference between the means of more than two groups. It is […] Flux Analysis is a type of comparison technique that helps us understand the changes in a company’s financials from period to period. It is shortened from Fluctuations Analysis and is also sometimes called Horizontal Analysis. We use the method to evaluate the fluctuations in accounts over time. We usually express such changes in both monetary […]

## Understand the Market Value of Equity The Market Value of Equity of the company, also known as Market Capitalization, is the total monetary value of the firm’s equity. We calculate it as the current stock price multiplied by the number of outstanding shares. Therefore the MVE continually changes, as these two values are quite volatile. Analysts mostly use the Market Value […]

## Perform a One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in Excel The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) has many varieties, but in essence, it has the purpose of evaluating whether factors are associated with any outcome values. And factors are categorical variables we use to group the outcome variables. In this article, we will not be focusing on the underlying statistical principles and formulas. We will briefly […]

## Seasonality and Trend Forecast with Regression in Excel In our last article, we discussed Seasonality in Financial Modeling and Analysis. We went over an example Excel model of calculating a forecast with seasonality indexes. Today we will use regression analysis in Excel to forecast a data set with both seasonality and trend. Let’s look at the quarterly sales revenue of the electronic cameras […]