First In, First Out (FIFO) Inventory Costing

The First In First Out (FIFO) is a method for asset management that ensures assets we produce or acquire first are the ones we use or sell first. Under FIFO, we include the oldest assets’ cost in the Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) line item on the Income Statement. How does FIFO work? FIFO supports […]

Value Chain Analysis Break-down

The primary purpose of any business is to produce goods or provide services in a way that they have a higher value for the customers than the original cost for the firm. Companies engage in numerous activities while converting inputs to outputs. Porter’s Value Chain helps us create a clear overview of the internal organization, […]

Using the Net Present Value (NPV) in Financial Analysis

The Net Present Value (NPV) is a profitability measure we use to figure out the present value of all expected future cash flows a project or investment will generate, including the initial capital we invest. It shows us the difference between the current value of cash inflows and outflows over a period. Net Present Value […]

The Activity-Based Costing Model

Introduction to the Activity-Based Costing (ABC) Model The Activity-Based Costing method identifies the activities in the company and assigns their costs to production based on actual consumption. One of the most recognized definitions is of the Chartered Institute of Management Accounting (CIMA) and defines the ABC method as an ‘approach to costing and monitoring of […]

Estimating Fixed and Variable Costs with the High-Low Method

Introduction The High-Low Method is a technique of cost accounting, which is used to split mixed costs into variable and fixed components. It is essential to note that the High-Low method is not very popular as it relies on extreme values of the population and can distort the cost distribution. However, the technique is one […]

The Absorption Costing Method

Today we take a look at the Absorption Costing Method and how it is used to allocate cost to produced goods. Do not forget to download the Excel working file at the end of the article. What is Absorption Costing? Absorption Costing is a management accounting method for accumulating all costs associated with production in […]